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The Positive Affect and Work Performance Relationship at a Daily Level: Job Crafting as a Mediator and Proactive Personality as a Moderator

Former IDA student Qing Ye wrote her Master thesis under the co-supervision of Dorien Kooij and presented the topic at the graduation ceremony on September 24, 2022.

This study investigated the underlying mechanism between daily positive affect and daily work performance. We expected that a workday characterized by higher levels of positive affect in the morning leads to higher levels of job crafting that day, which further makes employees rate that they have higher levels of work performance that evening according to the Broaden and Build Theory (Fredrickson, 2004). We also hypothesized that the within-person association between daily positive affect in the morning and daily job crafting during daytime is moderated by individuals’ proactive personality such that the link is strengthened as employees have higher levels of proactive personality based on the Conservation of Resources Theory (Hobfoll, 2011). The multilevel analyses were utilized to examine these two hypotheses with two datasets separately. The within-person mediation analysis was tested among 157 workdays nested in 83 participants, and the moderation analysis was tested among 492 workdays nested in 172 participants. Contrary to our expectations, both hypotheses were not empirically supported. We discuss implications for future research and practice.

Keywords: positive affect, job crafting, work performance, proactive personality, experience sampling methodology

Qing is now back in her home country China where she works as a foreign language trainer and psychological counselor for international students on Amazing Talker, an online global knowledge-learning platform. She mainly provides counseling and training for learners using English as a second language in terms of both linguistic and psychological aspects. She has completed over 1300 sessions so far with much positive feedback from trainees. Qing hopes to use her knowledge and practices in language learning, intercultural communication, and psychology to help international students who can study and function well in a different cultural environment. Besides, she is willing to become a cultural bridge between the Western and Eastern cultures! This is an era in need of communication to reduce misunderstanding! If you are interested, please refer to the following link for more information:

Meanwhile, Qing is still in the process of seeking a proper PhD position for her academic career. If you know of any suitable positions, please feel free to contact her! 🙂

Congratulations, Qing! We wish you the best of luck with your further career path!

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